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FCT. Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
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Comprehensive descriptive analysis An extensive work has been produced centered over the Jack-of-all-Trades theory and its applicability to the Portuguese case, in particular, to Engineers and Managers. A sample taken from the Portuguese population was worked upon and limited to observations of interest. The inherent complexity of these procedures has engendered a necessity for a clearer descriptive analysis of the sample and the nature of what is observed for each empirical test made. Concretely we will: - Recollect dispersed descriptive statistics already produced; - Present these statistics in a more intelligible format; - Produce descriptive statistics for business ownership teams to backup the analysis of the impact from Business Owners’ (BO) human capital on success measures (see following goals of research in the current document); Team formation and success Another aspect approached on a sample from the “Quadros de Pessoal” database was its parameterization in order to make transitions into the BO status or situations of individuals with the BO status identifiable in the following conditions: - Start-up firms with only one BO; - Firms with one only BO and this BO is an engineer or a manager; - Evolution of the number of BO’s in these firms; - Team formation to business ownership functions: particular attention to teams of two individuals presenting the different possible combinations of human capital; From this parameterization of the sample we will proceed to access the impact of the characteristics of the business ownership team upon the firm’s success. Success will be measured in terms of sales revenue and of job creation. Entrepreneurship Education Entrepreneurship education will be another research topic to be developed. Most entrepreneurship education literature describes the evolution of courses supply. Yet, some researchers have made efforts in order to clarify how exposure to entrepreneurship courses affects the students’ entrepreneurial intentions (Peterman and Kennedy, 2003; Souitaris et al., 2007; Oosterbeek et al., 2008). These studies use pre-test-post-test control group designs. As a planned behavior, entrepreneurial activity is well predicted by observing intentions towards that behavior (Bagozzi and Yi, 1989). Intentions are the single best predictor of planned behavior (Azjen, 1991). Intentions are predicted by specific attitudes which, in turn, derive from exogenous influences (Azjen, 1987). Thus behaviors are indirectly affected by exogenous influences. Intention based models describe this link, through intentions, between exogenous influence and behavior. Well integrated in an important Portuguese institution of higher education for engineers, I.S.T., the IN+ center allows us to have a privileged access to a wide group of science and engineering students, commonly used as individuals of interest for research in entrepreneurship education by the related literature (Souitaris et al., 2007). This group is relevant because entrepreneurship education is a phenomenon occurring increasingly more outside the United States and outside business schools, which traditionally were its cradle, in the pre-maturity phase of entrepreneurship education (Katz, 2002). Considering the alliance of these positive factors we can address the following research topic: Does entrepreneurship education influence entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions? Specific goals of research: - Create an inquiry to collect answers from students of entrepreneurship courses;- Distribute this inquiry through a high number of engineering students frequenting an entrepreneurship course; - Use the pre-test-post-test control group design; - Produce descriptive statistics for collection of answers;References.
Nº Bolsas: 1
Tipo: Projectos de investigação
Local: Europa - PORTUGAL
Publicação e Data de convocatoria: Eracareers.pt-the Researcher's Mobility Portal-Portugal
Mestrado na área de Economia ou Sociologia. Licenciatura na área de Sociologia. Domínio de métodos qualitativos de investigação e formação complementar que envolva também uma forte componente estatística e de recurso a métodos quantitativos de investigação, preferencialmente na utilização de estatística/microeconometria aplicada e utilização de dados de painel. Conhecimento da principal literatura científica nas áreas de Escolha Ocupacional e Empreendedorismo entre Grupos Minoritários. Alguma experiência prévia de participação na elaboração, submissão e publicação de artigos científicos em revistas de circulação internacional. Domínio da Língua Inglesa, aos níveis da oralidade e escrita.
Prazo: Até dia 6 de Maio de 2011
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